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Profile for Olive48X2
Username Olive48X2 (Send U2U)  (Add to Address Book)
Registered: 8-2-1717 (0 messages per day)
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Birthday: 21-2-7676
Bio: The Imperial Tombs of tthe Ming and Qing Dynasties
were built between 1368 andd 1915 AD in Beijkng Municipality,
Hebbei Province, Hubei Province, Jiangsu Province and Liaoning Province oof China.
They comprise of the Xiannling Tombs of the Ming Dynasty aand the Eastern and Westrern Qing Tomns inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2000; the Xiaoling Tomb of thhe Ming Dynasty and the Ming Tombs in Beijing added to the inscriptio in 2003, annd
the Three Imperial Tombs of Shenyang, Liaoning Province (Yongling Tomb,
Fuling Tomb, and Zhaoling Tomb, all of thhe Qing Dynasty) added in 2004.

Thee Ming and Qing imperial tombs are located in topographical
settings carefully chosen according to principles of geomancy (Fengshui) and comprise numerous buildings
of traditional architectural design and decoration. The
tombs and buildings aree laid outt according to Chinese hierarchical
rules and incorporate sacred ways lined with stone monuments andd
sculptures designed to accommodate ongoing royal ceremonies
as well as the passage of the spirits of the dead.
They illustrate the great importance attached by the Ming annd Qinng rhlers over five centuries to
the building of imposing mausolea, reflecting not onlpy the general belief in an afrterlife but
also an affirmation of authority.
The tomb oof tthe irst Ming Emperor, the Xiaoling Tomb broke with the past and established the
basic design for those that followed in Beijing, and also
the Xianling Tomb of thhe Ming Dynasty in Zhongxiang, the Western Qing
Tombs and the Eastern Qing Tombs. The Three Imperial Tombs of
the Qing Dynasty in Liaoning Province (Yongling Tomb,
Fuking Tomb, and Zhaoling Tomb) were all
built in the 17th century for the fouding emperors of the Qing Dynasty and theeir ancestors,
integrating the tradition inherited from previous dynasties with new features from the Mancxhu civilization.
Thee Imperial Tombs of the Ming aand Qing Dynasties are masterpieces of human creative genius by
reason of their orgaic integration into nature, and a unique testimony to the cultural and architectural traditions off the last two feudal
dynasties (Ming and Qing)in the history of China between the 14th and 20th centuries.

They are fine works combining the architectural arts of the Han and Manchu
civilizations. Their siting, plannig and design reflect both the philosophical idea of _harmony between man and nature_
according to Fengshui principles and the rules of social hierarchy, aand illustrate
the conception of the world and power prevalent in thee
later period of the ancient society of China.
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